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Florida Traffic Safety & Older Drivers

Florida Traffic Safety & Older Drivers

At age 78, Sheila thinks she’s a good driver, and she would like to stay that way. But lately, she has been in minor accidents. Sheila wonders how she can stay safe behind the wheel. Will taking a class for older drivers help?

You may have asked yourself this question, or maybe a family member or friend has asked about your driving. Getting older doesn’t make you a bad driver. But you should know there are changes that may affect driving skills over time.

Your Body
As you age, your joints may get stiff, and your muscles may weaken. This can make it harder to turn your head to look back, turn the steering wheel quickly, or brake safely.

Florida Traffic School Success What you can do:
Orange Bullet See your doctor if you think that pain or stiffness gets in the way of your driving.
Orange Bullet If possible, drive a car with automatic transmission, power steering, power brakes, and large mirrors.
Orange Bullet Be physically active or exercise to keep and even improve your strength and flexibility.

Your Vision
Your eyesight may change as you get older. At night, you may have trouble seeing things clearly. Glare can also be a problem—from oncoming headlights, street lights, or the sun. It might be harder to see people, things, and movements outside your direct line of sight. It may take you longer to read street or traffic signs or even recognize familiar places. Eye diseases, such as glaucoma, cataracts, and macular degeneration, as well as some medicines, may also change your vision.

Florida Traffic School Success What you can do:
Orange Bullet Have your vision checked every 2 to 4 years if you are age 40 to 64 and every 1 to 2 years if you are 65 or older, as recommended by the American Academy of Ophthalmology. There are many vision problems your doctor can treat.
Orange Bullet Talk to your eye doctor if you can’t see well enough to drive because you have a cataract. You might need surgery to remove the cataract.
Orange Bullet If you need glasses to see far away while driving, make sure your prescription is correct. And always wear them when you are driving.
Orange Bullet Cut back on night driving if you are having trouble seeing in the dark.

Your Hearing
Your hearing may change, making it harder to notice horns, sirens, or noises from your own car. That can be a problem because these sounds warn you when you may need to pull over or get out of the way. It is important that you hear them.

Florida Traffic School Success What you can do:
Orange Bullet Have your hearing checked. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association recommends doing this every 3 years after age 50. Your doctor can treat some hearing problems.
Orange Bullet Get a hearing aid to help—don’t forget to use it when you drive.
Orange Bullet Try to keep the inside of the car as quiet as possible while driving.
Orange Bullet Pay attention to the warning lights on the dashboard. They may let you know when something is wrong with your car.

Your Reactions
In order to drive safely, you should be able to react quickly to other cars and people on the road. You need to be able to make decisions and to remember what to do. Being able to make quick decisions while driving is important so you can avoid accidents and stay safe. Changes over time might slow how fast you react. You may find that your reflexes are getting slower. Stiff joints or weak muscles can make it harder to move quickly. Your attention span may be shorter. Or, it might be harder for you to do two things at the same time.

Florida Traffic School Success What you can do:
Orange Bullet Leave more space between you and the car in front of you.
Orange Bullet Start braking early when you need to stop.
Orange Bullet Avoid high traffic areas when you can.
Orange Bullet If you must drive on a fast-moving highway, drive in the right-hand lane. Traffic moves more slowly there. This might give you more time to make safe driving decisions.
Orange Bullet Take a defensive driving course. AARP, American Automobile Association (AAA), or your car insurance company can help you find a class near you.
Orange Bullet Be aware of how your body and mind might be changing, and talk to your doctor about any concerns.

Your Health
Some health problems can make it harder for people of any age to drive safely. But other conditions that are more common as you get older can also make driving difficult. For example, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, and arthritis can interfere with your driving abilities. At some point, someone with health problems may feel that he or she is no longer a good driver and may decide to stop driving.

People with illnesses like Alzheimer’s disease (AD) or other types of dementia may forget how to drive safely. They also may forget how to find a familiar place like the grocery store or even home. In the early stages of AD, some people are able to keep driving safely for a while. But, as memory and decision-making skills worsen, driving will be affected. If you have dementia, you might not be able to tell that you are having driving problems. Family and friends may give you feedback about your driving. Doctors can help you decide whether it’s safe to keep driving.

Florida Traffic School Success What you can do:
Orange Bullet Tell a family member or your doctor if you become confused while driving.

Your Medications
Do you take any medicines that make you feel drowsy, lightheaded, or less alert than usual? Medications can have side effects. People tend to take more medicines as they age, so pay attention to how these drugs may affect your driving.

Florida Traffic School Success What you can do:
Orange Bullet Read the medicine labels carefully, and pay attention to any warnings.
Orange Bullet Make a list of all your medicines, and talk to a doctor or pharmacist about how they may affect your driving.
Orange Bullet Don’t drive if you feel lightheaded or drowsy.

Are You A Safe Driver?
Maybe you already know that driving at night, on the highway, or in bad weather is a problem for you. Older drivers can also have problems when yielding the right of way, turning (especially making left turns), changing lanes, passing, and using expressway ramps.

Florida Traffic School Success What you can do:
Orange Bullet When in doubt, don’t go out. Bad weather like rain or snow can make it hard for anyone to drive. Try to wait until the weather is better, or use buses, taxis, or other transportation services available in your community.
Orange Bullet Look for different routes that can help you avoid places where driving can be a problem. Left turns can be quite dangerous because you have to check so many things at the same time. You could plan routes to where you want to go so that you only need to make right turns.
Orange Bullet Have your driving skills checked. There are driving programs and clinics that can test your driving and also make suggestions about improving your driving skills.
Orange Bullet Update your driving skills by taking a driving refresher course. (Hint: Some car insurance companies may lower your bill when you pass this type of class.)
Florida Traffic School Success More Tips for Safe Driving
  Planning before you leave:
Orange Bullet Plan to drive on streets you know.
Orange Bullet Limit your trips to places that are easy to get to and close to home.
Orange Bullet Take roads that will avoid risky spots like ramps and left turns.
Orange Bullet Add extra time for travel if driving conditions are bad.
Orange Bullet Don’t drive when you are stressed or tired.
  While you are driving:
Orange Bullet Always wear your seat belt.
Orange Bullet Stay off the cell phone.
Orange Bullet Avoid distractions such as eating, listening to the radio, or having conversations.
Orange Bullet Make sure there is enough space behind your car. (Hint: If someone follows you too closely, slow down and pull over if needed to let that person pass you.)
Orange Bullet Use your window defrosters to keep both the front and back windows clear.
Orange Bullet Keep your headlights on at all times.
  Car Safety:
Orange Bullet Drive a car with air bags.
Orange Bullet Check your windshield wiper blades often and replace them when needed.
Orange Bullet Keep your headlights clean and aimed in the right direction.
Orange Bullet Think about getting hand controls for both the gas and brake pedals if you have leg problem

Is It Time To Give Up Driving?
We all age differently. For this reason, there is no way to set one age when everyone should stop driving. So, how do you know if you should stop?

Florida Traffic School Success To help you decide, ask yourself:
Orange Bullet Do other drivers often honk at me?
Orange Bullet Have I had some accidents, even if they are only "fender benders"?
Orange Bullet Do I get lost, even on roads I know?
Orange Bullet Have family, friends, or my doctor said they are worried about my driving?
Orange Bullet Am I driving less these days because I am not as sure about my driving as I used to be?
Orange Bullet Do I have trouble staying in my lane?
Orange Bullet Do I have trouble moving my foot between the gas and the brake pedals, or do I confuse the two?

If you answered yes to any of these questions, it may be time to think about whether or not you are still a safe driver.

How Will You Get Around?
Are you worried that, if you stop driving, you won’t be able to do the things you want and need to do? You’re not alone. Many people have this concern, but there may be more ways to get around than you think. For example, some areas offer free or low-cost bus or taxi service for older people. Some communities also have carpools that you can join without a car. Religious and civic groups sometimes have volunteers who will drive you where you want to go. Your local Area Agency on Aging can help you find services in your area. Call 800-677-1116, or go to www.eldercare.gov to find the nearest Area Agency on Aging.

You can also think about taking taxis. Sound pricey? Don’t forget--it costs a lot to own a car. If you don’t have to buy a car or pay for insurance, maintenance, gas, oil, or other car expenses, then you may be able to afford to take taxis or other public transportation. You can also help buy gas for friends or family who give you rides.

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By National Institute on Aging
National Institutes of Health
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


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